How to Propagate Begonias & 5 Best Ways

How to Propagate Begonias & 5 Best Ways -- Begonias are attractive perennials that often appear in bedding, pot, and hanging basket displays. They have a reputation for being a touch old-fashioned. Some have lots of long-lasting, beautiful blooms in neon tones that look fantastic in pots and hanging baskets, while others are bred for their stunning, eye-catching leaves.

Propagating begonias is a satisfying and cost-effective method to expand your collection. This article will show you the finest and simplest methods to propagate begonias so you may have more of these beautiful plants in your garden or indoor area.

Stem Cuttings Propagation


Propagation with the stem cutting method is the first idea you can try. Here is the steps:

- Select a healthy begonia plant with strong, healthy stems. Remove any leaves from the lower half of the cutting, leaving only a few on top.

- Cut a 4-6-inch stem part below a leaf node using sharp, clean scissors or pruning shears.

- Place the cuttings in a well-draining potting mix. Maintain a regular moisture level in the soil while avoiding wet conditions.

- Cover the cutting with a plastic bag to help with root growth, or set it in a humidity dome. This helps to keep the cutting area humid.

- Once the roots grow in (usually in 2-4 weeks), move the new begonia plant into a larger container or directly into the garden.

Stem Cutting with Water Propagation


Apart from planting the cut stems directly in the ground, you can also try propagation using water. After you done with the cutting, place it in a jar filled with nonchlorinated water. Make sure the leaves aren't touching it. 

Keep the jar/vase in a place with both bright and indirect light, with a few hours of morning sunlight. Replace the water every 3-4 days. In 2-4 weeks, the cuttings will sprout roots, at this point you may either continue keeping them in water or transplant them into soil.

Division Propagation


This next idea is also one of the most commonly used though rarely discussed. Here are the steps:

- To see the tubers/roots clearly, gently pull the plant out of the pot and shake off any extra soil. Now split them into pieces, making sure each has at least one eye (a little bud).

- To avoid rot, dust the cut surface with fungicide before planting each portion in its own container or straight in the garden. Cover with dirt and water lightly.

- Keep the soil wet until new branches grow. Once the young plants have established themselves, they should be treated as adult begonias.

Seeds Propagation


Begonia seeds are among the tiniest in the plant world, measuring only 1/300th of an inch (0.085 millimeters) in diameter and easily mistaken for a fine powder. Sowing them may be a difficult process that requires accuracy and attention. Here are the steps:

- Purchase the seeds from an online seller or a garden shop. 

- Scatter the seeds on top of a seed starting mix and water with a spray bottle 2-3 times. This will allow them into the growth media.

- Cover them with plastic wrap and place them in areas with lots of both direct and indirect light. The seeds will begin to grow in 3–6 weeks.

Leaf Cutting Propagation


Begonias have many ways to propagate them. Begonia is also one of the plants that can be propagated with its leaves alone, amazing isn't it? Here are the steps:

- Carefully cut a healthy leaf, leaving a little of stem attached. 

- Keep the leaf flat on the growth medium, with a little of stem tucked into the soil.

- Place the pot where it receives enough of indirect light.

- Water just when the top soil seems dry to the touch, using a spray bottle.

- Covering the pot with a plastic bag to produce a humid atmosphere that promotes root growth.

- In a few weeks, you should see new growth sprout from the leaf's base.

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Author        : Rieka

Editor        : Munawaroh

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