How To Grow and Care For Hyacinths

How To Grow and Care For Hyacinths -- Hyacinths smell like spring. Their strong aroma lingers in the air, which means the end of winter and the arrival of spring. Hyacinths, like tulips and daffodils, are a well-known spring flower. 

Because hyacinths are perennials, you may plant them once and they will return every spring. Hyacinths are simpler to grow than other spring bulbs and may be pushed indoors in pots or a bulb vase.

Plant Care


Modern hyacinths are among the simplest perennial spring bulbs to raise. Hyacinths may be grown in the ground or in pots, as well as in a bulb vase filled with water. Keep them out of the reach of children and animals: The bulbs are toxic to both people and pets. 

Grow hyacinth in huge clusters for the most potent and far-reaching aroma. They should be planted 4 to 6 inches deep, root end down (widest side down). Allow them to stretch out by spreading them 3 to 6 inches apart. Cover with dirt and water well. 

Here's few tips to take care of this plant:

- Don't overwater

- Fertilize them with bulb food when the leaves appear in the spring and again in the early fall.

- Add compost to the soil after they bloom

- Allow the leaves to stay on the plant for six weeks after they bloom

- Cold isn't a problem unless your garden doesn't get any

Types of Hyacinth


Modern hyacinths come in a variety of hues. A few of them include:

- 'Hollyhock' has eye-catching reddish-pink double flowers.

- 'Pink Pearl' has fuchsia flowers with light pink edges.

- 'Woodstock' has deep plum petals.

- 'Blue Jacket' has a more compact bloom structure and vivid purple-blue blooms.

- 'Top White' has star-shaped bright white florets.

Pruning, Potting and Repotting


Cut off the flower stalks but leave the leaves when the bulbs have stopped flowering. This will urge the plants to save energy in their bulbs for the coming season. Repotting should not be required if your bulbs are correctly spaced. For growing hyacinths in pots, ordinary commercial potting soil is sufficient, however some people prefer to put in a little sand with the potting mix. 

Until the bulbs sprout, keep the potting media moist but not dripping wet. Then, irrigate the soil anytime it becomes dry. Move the bulbs to indirect sunlight after they have sprouted. Cool temperatures will keep flowers in bloom for a longer period of time.

Propagating Hyacinth


Hyacinths, like other perennial bulbs, are best propagated in the fall by dividing offset bulbs from the parent plant. By cutting off the offset bulbs, you can propagate hyacinths as follows:

1. Dig up a mature hyacinth with a trowel after the blooms have gone but before the foliage begins to turn brown (typically in late summer or fall). Wear gloves while handling hyacinths since the bulbs contain a toxin that can cause skin irritation.

2. Remove the dirt from the clump and split it into individual bulbs (the parent bulb and bulblets).

3. Immediately replant the bulbs in well-draining soil. If your soil is thick, adding sand or compost is a wonderful option. At planting time, a spoonful of bone meal or bulb fertilizer is also advised.

Common Pests & Plant Diseases


Hyacinth bulbs are eaten by a variety of animals. You may safeguard them by putting a handful of pebbles into the planting hole, or you can use commercial rodent deterrents. Interplanting them with daffodils, which rats prefer to avoid, is a simpler technique.

Common Problems With Hyacinth


- Spotted Foliage

Hyacinth leaves might get damaged if there is a late frost after the foliage has appeared. Unfortunately, there isn't much you can do about it, but in some cases it won't impact the flower stalks that appear later.

- Broken, Streaked Petals

The mosaic virus, which also causes mottled foliage, may cause broken and streaked petals. Infected plants must be pulled out and removed. Sterilize all tools you use to do this; they, too, can transmit the disease.

- Small Flowers

It is usual for hyacinths to bloom less vigorously with each passing season. You may extend their lives by feeding them on a regular basis. Planting new plants from adult hyacinths can keep you in bloom almost eternally.

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Author        : Rieka

Editor        : Munawaroh

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