African Violet: Guide How To Grow and Care For Saintpaulia ionantha

African Violet: Guide How To Grow and Care For Saintpaulia ionantha -- African violets are one of the most popular houseplants in the world, and for good reason. These compact, low-growing plants blossom multiple times a year and come in a variety of leaf shapes and colors. African violets have a rosette of thick, fuzzy leaves and violet-like blooms that bloom slightly above the evergreen foliage. Before you buy, read "African Violet: Guide How To Grow and Care For Saintpaulia ionantha" first!

African Violet Care


African violets thrive in sunny, warm, and humid environments. Keep water away from their leaves or it may leave brown patches. Remove dead blooms and foliage as soon as you notice them to promote plant health. Check the soil for extra moisture on a regular basis. This will promote decay.

Propagating African Violets


Leaf cuttings or offsets can be used to grow African violets. It is quite simple to propagate from an adult plant's leaf.

1. Choose a healthy green leaf from the plant's base and delicately clip it off at the plant's base using scissors.

2. Cut the leaf stem at a 45-degree angle to a length of 1/2 inch.

3. Place the cutting in a tiny pot that has been prepared with vermiculite, peat, and water.

4. Place the plant in bright, indirect light and cover with a plastic baggie.

5. In around 12 weeks, you should notice new young plants. Wait until they're large enough to split from the leaf and transfer.

Adult plants may develop little plantlets or shoots from the side. Remove these and pot up on their own. Removing them also improves the parent plant's flowers.

Get African Violets to Bloom


These plants like displaying their lovely blossoms and, if properly cared for, may bloom all year. You'll have a happy, healthy plant if you give it enough light, water, humidity, fertilizer, and soil, and maintain it free of pests and illnesses. African violets prefer to be comfortable in their pots, but not to the point of being root bound. 

This is when they begin to blossom and flower for extended periods of time. When the flowers have faded, deadhead them to encourage the plant to flower again, and you should see fresh blooms in around six weeks.

Common Pests and Diseases


African violets, like all other plants, are subject to common pests and diseases. Spider mites, mealy bugs, and cyclamen mites are common pests that, if identified, can be treated with neem oil or a pesticide. Fungi such as botrytis blight, crown rot, and root rot are examples of diseases. To avoid these illnesses, avoid overwatering your plant and give it with adequate sunlight, nourishment, and air circulation. 

Common Problems With African Violets


Plant doesn't bloom

If your African violet isn't blooming, it's because it doesn't receive enough light and the temperature and humidity aren't right. Place the plant in bright, indirect lighting or use fluorescent lighting in a room that is at least 70 degrees Fahrenheit. 

Spots on leaves

African violets dislike having water on their leaves, which can lead them to develop spots. Place the container in a bowl and water from the bottom, or use a self-watering pot.

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Author        : Rieka

Editor        : Munawaroh

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